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2006年职称英语考试综合类(A级)试题及答案

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2009-10-21 13:46:58

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2006年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷
 

 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每 题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近选项。
 
1 She was a puzzle.
A girl           B woman
C mystery        D problem
 
Her speciality is heart surgery.
A region         B  site
C platform       D  field
 
3 France has kept intimate links with its former African territories.
A private        B  friendly
C strong         D  secret
 
4 You should have blended the butter with the sugar thoroughly.
A mixed          B  spread
C beaten         D  covered
 
5 The industrial revolution modified the whole structure of English society.
A destroyed      B  broke
C changed        D  smashed
 
6 Tickets are limited and will be allocated to those who apply first.
A posted         B  sent
C handed         D  given
 
7 The change in that village was miraculous.
A amazing        B  conservative
C insignificant  D  unforgettable
 
8 Customers often defer payment for as long as possible.
A make           B  demand
C obtain         D  postpone
 
9 Canada will prohibit smoking in all offices later this year.
A remove         B  ban
C eliminate      D  expel
 
10 She read a poem which depicts the splendor of the sunset.
A declares       B  asserts
C announces      D  describes
11 From my standpoint, this thing is just ridiculous.
A point of view   B  field
C knowledge       D  information
 
12 The latest census is encouraging.
A statement       B  assessment
C count           D  evaluation
 
13 The curious looks from the strangers around her made her feel uneasy.
A different       B  proud
C unconscious     D  uncomfortable
 
14 Reading the job ad, he wondered whether he was eligible to apply for it.
A able           B  fortunate
C competent      D  qualified
 
15 He was elevated to the post of prime minister.
A promoted       B pulled
C lifted         D  treated
 
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
 
Fairy Tales for All the World
 
     This year, the world is marking the 200th anniversary of Danish author Hans
Christian Andersen with a wide range of events.
     Andersen's tales have attracted millions of readers for more than a century. They continue to be among the best-known works of world literature. "The Ugly Duckling (小鸭)" and "The Little Mermaid (美人鱼)" are among the most famous.
     He was born on April 2, 1805, in the slums of Odense, Denmark. His father was a shoemaker and his mother worked as a washer-woman. Andersen received very little education, but his fascination with fairy tales inspired him to compose his own stories and arrange puppet (木偶) shows.
     His father died when he was 11. He was forced to go to work, first as an apprentice to a weaver and tailor and then in a tobacco factory. At the age of 14, he moved to Copenhagen to try a career as a singer, dancer and actor. He sang in a boy's choir (合唱团), but he made very little money. He also tried the ballet, but his awkwardness made this impossible.
     Finally, when he was 17, Jonas Collin, a director of the Royal Theatre in
Copenhagen discovered Andersen. After hearing Andersen read a play, Collin realized that he had talent. And he got money from the king for Andersen's education.
     In 1828, Andersen passed the entrance examinations to the university in
Copenhagen. His writings were first published in 1829. In 1833, he received grant money for travel, which he used to visit Germany, France, Switzerland, and Italy. These journeys were recorded in his travelogues (旅行见闻). In 1835, Andersen published "Fairy Tales for Children," which contained four short stories. He eventually wrote around 168 fairy tales. They achieved success in his life-time and were widely published and translated.
    Unhappiness also found its way into many of his tales which were not meant merely for children but for adults as well. He used very simple language and style to disguise the moral teachings of his tales.
     Andersen also wrote novels, plays and poems. He died at his home in Rolighed on August 4, 1875.
 
16 Andersen died on April 4, 1875
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
17 Chinese children are particularly fond of Andersen's tales
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
18 Andersen was not a good ballet dancer.
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
19 Collin managed to get money for Andersen to receive more education
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
20 Andersen's fairy tales didn't achieve success until after he died
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
21 Andersen's tales not only tell stories but also teach moral lessons
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
22 Andersen's novels, plays and poems are not well-known
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每 题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
 
6Oth Anniversary Ceremony in Moscow
 
1 With thousands of soldiers and war veterans parading across Moscow's Red Square and fighter jets screaming overhead, Russia celebrated the 60th anniversary of defeating Nazi Germany. More than 50 world leaders, including China's President Hu Jintao, attended the ceremony.
2 Speaking at the start of the parade, Russia's President Vladimir Putin praised all those who fought for freedom and independence. "The, war shows that resorting to force to solve problems will result in tragedy for the world, so a peaceful order should be safeguarded (护卫) based on security, justice and cultural exchange," Putin said. "Faced with the real threat of terrorism today, we must remain faithful to the memory of our fathers. It is our duty to defend a world order based on security and justice and on a new culture of relations among nations that will not allow a repeat of any war, neither 'cold' nor 'hot'," he continued.
3 The Second World War is perhaps the most catastrophic (灾难性的) event that mankind has ever suffered. The war affected 80 per cent of the world's people at that time, from 61 countries, and claimed 55 million lives.
4 After the celebration, President Hu said that peace, development and cooperation were the future. "China will unswervingly (坚定地), follow the road of peace and development and will make a joint effort with all nations to contribute to safeguarding world peace and promoting development," he said.
5 German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder asked Russia for forgiveness for the suffering Germany inflicted (造成) during the Second World War in an article in Sunday's Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper. "Today we ask forgiveness for the suffering inflicted upon the Russian people and other peoples at the hands of Germans and in the name of Germans," Schroeder said.
6 President Hu and the other leaders also joined a wreath (花圈) laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers on Monday.
 
23 Paragraph 2      
24 Paragraph 3      
25 Paragraph 4      
26 Paragraph 5      
A Gloomy world
B Putin's commemorating speech
C China's determination
D Schroeder's plea for forgiveness
E World's worst disaster
F Pacific war
 
27 Russia celebrated
28 World War Two deprived
29 China pledges herself to follow
30 The world leaders finally attended
A 61 countries
B a wreath laying ceremony
C the 60th anniversary of its victory over Nazi Germany
D the road of peace and development
E 55 million people of their lives
F an opening ceremony


 

第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题定1个最佳选项。
 
第一篇                    Is the Tie a Necessity?
 
     Ties, or neckties, have been a symbol of politeness and elegance in Britain for centuries. But the casual Prime Minister Tony Blair has problems with them. Reports suggest that even the civil servants may stop wearing ties. So, are the famously formal British really going to abandon the neckties?
     Maybe. Last week, the UK's Cabinet Secretary Andrew Turnbull openly welcomed a tieless era. He hinted that civil servants would soon be free of the costliest 12 inches of fabric that most men ever buy in their lives.
     In fact, Blair showed this attitude when he had his first guests to a cocktail party. Many of them were celebrities (知名人士) without ties, which would have been unimaginable even in the recent past.
     For some more conservative British, the tie is a must for proper appearance. Earlier, Labor leader Jim Callaghan said he would have died rather than have his children seen in public without a tie. For people like Callaghan, the tie was a sign of being complete, of showing respect. Men were supposed to wear a tie when going to church, to work in the office, to a party-almost every social occasion.
     But today, people have begun to accept a casual style even for formal occasions.
     The origin of the tie is tricky. It started as something called simply a "band". The term could mean anything around a man's neck. It appeared in finer ways in the 1630s. Frenchmen showed a love of this particular fashion statement. Their neckwear (颈饰) impressed Charles II, the king of England who was exiled (流放) to France at that time. When he returned to England in 1660, he brought this new fashion item along with him.
     It wasn't, however, until the late 18th century that fancy young men introduced a more colorful, flowing piece of cloth that eventually became known as the tie. Then, clubs military institutions and schools began to use colored and patterned ties to indicate the wearer's membership in the late 19th century. After that, the tie became a necessary item of clothing for British gentlemen.
     But now, even gentlemen are getting tired of ties. Anyway, the day feels a bit easier when you wake up without having to decide which tie suits you and your mood.
 
31 The tie symbolizes all of the following except
     A  respect.
     B  elegance.
     C  democracy.
D  politeness.
 
32 Why does Blair sometimes show up in a formal event without a tie?
     A  Because he wants to make a show.
     B  Because he wants to attract attention.
     C  Because he wants to live in a casual way.
D  Because ties are costly.
 
33 Which of the following is NOT a social occasion?
     A  Going to church.
     B  Going to work in the office.
     C  Going to a party.
D  Staying at home.
 
34 Who brought the Frenchmen's neckwear to Britain?
     A  Charles II.
     B  Tony Blair.
     C  Jim Callaghan.
D  Andrew Turnbull.
 
35 When did British gentlemen begin to wear ties regularly?
     A  In the 1630s,
     B  After the late 19thcentury.
     C  In 1660.
     D  In the late 18th century.
 
第二篇                     Why Not Eat Breakfast?
 
     Breakfast is not only the most important meal of the day, it is also the most neglected or skipped. Common reasons for not eating breakfast include lack of time, not feeling hungry, traditional dislike for breakfast, and dieting.
     Breakfast simply means "break the fast." Your body spends at least six to twelve hours each night in a fasting state. In the morning your body needs energy to rev up (转动起来) into high gear for the day's work ahead.
     If you skip breakfast, you are likely to concentrate less effectively in the late morning, feel irritable, short-tempered(易怒的), tired, or weak.
     When you choose not to eat breakfast, your body stays in slow gear. Also, people
who skip breakfast often binge (无节制的大吃) later in the day at other meals or eat a high-calorie (高卡路里) snack in the morning. Breakfast eaters tend to eat less fat during the day, have more strength and endurance and better concentration and problem-solving ability.
     A good breakfast should provide up to 1/3 of your total calorie needs for the day. On the average, we eat 400 less calories for breakfast than for dinner. If breakfast doesn't appeal to you in the morning, try eating a lighter-dinner, earlier in the evening or save half your dinner for breakfast in the morning.
    If you still aren't hungry in the morning, start with something small like juice or toast or have a mid-morning snack later when you are hungry.
    Not eating breakfast can also cause you to overeat, since a fall in blood sugar often makes you feel very hungry later. To make matters worse, since your body is in a slowed state, it will not be able to burn those extra calories very efficiently. If you feed your body healthy snacks and meals throughout the day, you are less likely to become extremely hungry and stuff yourself as soon as you begin to eat.
     Since breakfast is the first and most important meal of the day, choosing the right fuel is important. The best breakfast foods are fruits, juice, lean meat, and grain products such as breads, rice, noodles, and cereals.
 
36 The word fast" in the phrase "break the fast" in paragraph 2 means
     A "a series of quick actions".
     B "a habit of eating".
     C "a period of not eating".
D "a strict rule".
 
37 Which of the following is NOT true of a person who does not have breakfast?
     A He will be easily distracted.
     B He will tend to lose his temper.
     C He will feel weak.
D He will become very talkative.
 
38 You can improve your appetite for breakfast by
     A not eating too much for dinner in the evening
     B drinking a glass of milk before going to bed.
     C eating a big dinner in the evening.
D having some juice and a toast for dinner.
 
39 Which of the following is a healthy eating habit?
     A Eating as little as possible.
     B Eating no breakfast.
     C Eating no lunch.
D Eating three regular meals a day.
 
40 Which food is NOT fit for breakfast?
     A Rice.
     B Fat meat
     C Bread.
     D Juice.
 
第三篇              Who Came First, the Chicken or the Egg?
 
     I just mailed the chicken and the egg, each in its own separate packaging, and kept careful track of when each shipment was sent from a post office in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, and when it later arrived at its intended destination in New York City.
     In mailing the chicken, I was careful to adhere to the restrictions described in the American Postal Service's Domestic Mail Manual 57, as updated on April 3, 2003. This, the most recent, version of the Manual states that: "Adult chickens must be sent by Express Mail. The containers used must pass the standards in International Safe Transit Association Test Procedure IA; be strong enough to endure normal handling; and ensure enough air for the chickens in transit. The number of birds must not be more than the container's limit."
     I mailed the chicken in a wooden box got from a colleague who does research with birds.
     Then, I mailed the egg in standard packaging obtained through an industrial supplier. It's quite simple.
     I posted both the chicken and the egg at 9:40 am, on a Monday morning, from the Harvard Square post office, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The staff there told me that this was the first chicken anyone had mailed from there in recent memory, and perhaps ever. They handled both the chicken and the egg skillfully and politely.
     The intended destination for both packages was the James A. Farley General Post Office, which is located in Manhattan right next to the Penn Station train terminal.
     I took the subway from the Harvard Square to the Boston train station, and from there boarded a train to New York City, a distance of about 320 kilometers, arriving that afternoon at Penn Station. I immediately went to the post office, to await the arrivals of the chicken and the egg.
     The James A. Farley General Post Office is open 24 hours a day, so I was able to wait there until both items arrived. I inquired once per hour for both the chicken and the egg.
     That day, Monday, neither the chicken nor the egg arrived. The next day, Tuesday, neither the chicken nor the egg arrived.
     The chicken arrived at 10:31 am, Wednesday. The staff at the post office told me that this was the first chicken anyone had mailed to the post office in recent memory, and perhaps ever. The egg arrived that same day, at 9:37pm, 11 hours after the chicken.
     Based on experiment data, it's now quite clear that the chicken came first, the egg second.
 
41 Which of the following is NOT required of a container?
     A It should be ventilated.
     B It should be made of steel.
     C It should be sufficiently large.
D It should be strong.
 
42 Why did the author go to New York City?
     A Because he had never been there before.
     B Because he wanted to show that he could arrive before both the chicken and the egg.
     C Because he had sent the chicken and the egg to himself.
D Because he wanted to check which of the two items would arrive first.
 
43 How did he go to New York City?
     A By boat.
     B By bus.
     C By tube and rail.
D By air.
 
44 When did the chicken arrive?
     A On Monday.
     B At 9:37 pm, Wednesday.
     C On Tuesday.
D Eleven hours before the egg
 
45 What did he do all this for?
     A To amuse the reader with an unlikely answer to the chicken-or-egg puzzle.
     B To know if animals like chickens could be posted.
     D To know if eggs would break on the way to their destination.
     D To show that he was highly intelligent.
 
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
 
How Did She Conquer the Americans?
     African-American talk show queen Oprah Winfrey is the world's most powerful celebrity, according to Forbes magazine.      (46)
     Winfrey, 51, draws 30 million viewers weekly in the United States. Her talk show reaches 112 countries. She earned US$225 million over the past 12 months to rank second in celebrity riches.
The annual Forbes list gives most weight to annual earnings.      (47)
     "After 21 years, her exciting chat show still rules the airwaves. It created new celebrities and hundreds of millions of dollars in profits," the magazine said.
     Winfrey is most popular with her popular talk show "The Oprah Winfrey Show". She can always attract the superstars and let them open up to her intimate interviewing style.
     Last month, American actor Tom Cruise, 42, surprised fans when he celebrated his new romance with 26-year-old actress Katie Holmes. He jumped up and down, shouting "I'm in love." Only a few years ago, Cruise and his ex-wife Nicole Kidman appeared separately on the same show telling the news of their divorce.           (48)
     Winfrey's approach appears to be simple. She is in pursuit of self-improvement and self-empowerment (自强). This has proved to be just what people, especially women, want.
     Winfrey often talks about her personal secrets on her show. That pulls in viewers. For example, she revealed that she had been sexually abused as a child, and has spoken freely of her struggle with her weight.
Winfrey was born to a poor family in Mississippi in 1954      (49) At the age of 19, she became the youngest person and the first African-American woman to anchor (主持) a news programme.
    Her success has not just been on the screen. Her media group includes a women's TV network and websites for women.
    Winfrey's work has extended to social change.      (50)
    She testified before the US Senate to establish a national database of dangerous child abusers. President Bill Clinton later signed "Oprah Bill" into law
 
A In 1991, she did a lot of work for the National Child Protection Act
B She was not a very successful woman
C She began broadcasting while still at high school
D it placed Winfrey at the top of its annual ranking of the 100 people last week.
E The couple had been tight-lipped about their break-up
F But it also looks at the celebrity's presence on the Internet and in the media
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
 

Pretty Good

 
     When Spanish football club Barcelona paid US$35 million for Ronaldinho last summer, they weren't buying a pretty face. "I am            (51)," admits the Brazilian superstar (超级明星). "But everyone has got a different kind of beauty. What I            (52) have is charm."
Indeed he has. His buck teeth (龅牙), flowing hair, big smile, and of course his            (53) skills are always eye-catching on the pitch. The 23-year=old striker(中锋) scored two goals in a 3-2 win over Deportivo La Coruna on March 1. It was Barcelona's sixth win in a row and, thanks to their Brazilian's 10-goal contribution,             (54)looked like a poor season could now end a success.
Ronaldinho-full name Ronaldo De Assis Moreira-is one of many South Americans who learned their skills playing in the backstreets before            (55) them off on the world stage.
Great things were            (56) when Gremio signed him as a seven-year-old, and he soon became friends with Ronaldo, who was then the other young star of Brazilian football. It was Ronaldo who first called him Ronaldinho, which            (57) Little Ronaldo.
He first             (58) for his country in 1999 but it was at the 2002 World Cup where he showed his real worth, scoring an unbelievable free-kick in Brazil's quarter-final victory            (59) England.
     "I have never failed to deliver in big matches," Ronaldinho says. "My game is based on improvisation (即兴表演). Often a forward does not have the time to decide whether to shoot or            (60). It is instinct that gives out the orders."
While he may not have David Beckham's good looks, Ronaldinho has a             (61) reputation off the pitch. At former club Paris Saint Germain, which sold him to Barcelona, he broke            (62) rules by going out and enjoying the city's nightlife.
"Without doubt, Ronaldinho is the most            (63) player I have ever come across," says former PSG coach Luis Ferdandez." The main" (64) for any coach is that one player without discipline can hurt the 'whole team."
     But Ronaldinho doesn't think he has done anything wrong. "I am just a young person who enjoys            (65)," he says.
 
51 A handsome   B good-looking   C ugly           D attractive
52 A must       B do             C will           D could
53 A dangerous B frightening    C awful          D brilliant
54 A that       B which          C who            D what
55 A showing    B demonstrating C illustrating   D displaying
56 A worked     B hoped          C thought        D expected
57 A describes B  means         C explains       D expresses
58 A kicked     B served         C played         D acted
59 A over       B at             C on             D above
60 A move       B run            C throw          D pass
61 A cowboy     B good boy       C playboy        D college boy
62 A group      B class          C college        D club
63 A difficult B cooperative    C diligent       D helpful
64 A question   B issue          C problem        D point
65 A him        B life           C herself        D yourself
 
2006年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷
英语-综合类(A级)
〓参考答案〓
 
1
C
2
D
3
B
4
A
5
C
6
D
7
A
8
D
9
B
10
D
11
A
12
C
13
D
14
D
15
A
16
B
17
C
18
A
19
A
20
B
21
A
22
C
23
B
24
E
25
C
26
D
27
C
28
E
29
D
30
B
31
C
32
C
33
D
34
A
35
B
36
C
37
D
38
A
39
D
40
B
41
B
42
D
43
C
44
D
45
A
46
D
47
F
48
E
49
C
50
A
51
C
52
B
53
D
54
D
55
A
56
D
57
B
58
C
59
A
60
D
61
C
62
D
63
A
64
C
65
B
 
其中:
1-30每题1分;
31-45每题3分;
46-50每题2分;
51-65每题1分。
试卷总分:100分。

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