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2006年职称英语考试综合类(C级)试题及答案

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2009-10-21 13:46:59

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2006年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷

 
第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每 题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近选项。
 
1 She was close to success.
A fast                     B  quick
C near                     D tight
 
2 The two girls look alike.
A beautiful                B  similar
C  pretty                   D attractive
 
3 The boy is intelligent.
A clever                   B  naughty
C difficult                D  active
 
4 Everybody was glad to see Mary back.
A sorry                    B  sad
C angry                    D  happy
 
5 What is your goal life?
A plan                     B  aim
C arrangement              D  idea
 
6 Jack was dismissed.
A fired                    B  fined
C exhausted                D  criticized
 
7 John is crazy about pop music
A sorry                    B  mad
C concerned                D  worried
 
8 It is the movement, not the color, of objects that excites the bull
A frightens                B  scares
C arouses                  D  confuses
 
9 It is highly unlikely that she will arrive today.
A probably                 B  very
C hardly                   D  possibly
 
10 I am feeling a lot more healthy than I was
A many                     B  no
C much                     D  some
 
11 Since ancient times people have found various ways to preserve meat
A eat                      B cook
C freeze                   D  keep
 
12 We packed up the things we had accumulated (积累) over the last three years and left.
A late                     B  recent
C past                     D  final
 
13 The expedition reached the summit at 10:30 that morning
A bottom of the mountain   B  foot of the mountain
C top of the mountain      D  starting point
 
14 There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a      previous record of performance.
A beats                    B  destroys
C maintains                D  defends
 
 
15 The president proposed that we should bring the meeting to a close.
A stated                  B  said
C suggested               D  announced
 
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
 

G8 Summit

 
     Leaders of the Group of Eight Major Industrialized Nations (G8) will meet in Scotland in July this year. Representatives from China, India, Mexico, South Africa and Brazil have also been invited. Here's what the G8 leaders want from the meeting.
     British Prime Minister Tony Blair wants the G8 to cancel debt to the world's poorest countries. He wants them to double aid to Africa to 50 billion pounds by 2010. He has also proposed reducing subsidies to Western farmers and removing restrictions on African exports. This has not got the approval of all members because it will hurt their agricultural interests. On climate change, Blair wants concerted (共同的) action by reducing carbon emissions (排放).
     US President George W. Bush agrees to give help to Africa. But he says he doesn't like the idea of increasing aid to countries as 'it will increase corruption. Bush said he would not sign an agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions at the summit, according to media. The US is the only G8 member not to have signed the Kyoto Protocol (京都议定书). Although the US is the world's biggest polluter, Bush so far refuses to believe there is sufficient scientific data to establish beyond a doubt that there is a problem.
     French President Jacques Chirac supports Blair on Africa and climate change. He is determined to get the US to sign the climate change deal.
     German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder remains doubtful of Blair's Africa proposals. Schroder's officials have dismissed the notion that money will solve Africa's problems as "old thinking." Berlin says that African states should only receive extra money if they can prove they've solved the corruption problem.
     Russian President Vladimir Putin was doubtful about the value of more aid to Africa. But he has seen a way to make this work to his advantage. Putin intends to use the aid to Africa as a springboard (跳板) next year to propose aid to the former Soviet republics of Georgia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Moldova.
     Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's priorities are a seat on the UN Security Council, for which he will be lobbying (游说) at the summit. And he's concerned about the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's nuclear weapons programme.
 
16 The G8 countries include China, India, Mexico, South Africa and Brazil,
     A Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
17 Blair hopes that the G8 countries will work together to reduce carbon emissions
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
18 India has accepted the invitation to attend the G8 meeting.
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
19 Bush agrees to increase aid to Africa.
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
20 Chirac takes a stand similar to Blair's on Africa and climate change
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
21 According to media, Bush will sign the Kyoto Protocol at the summit.
A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
22 Japan will reject Blair's proposal to increase aid to Africa
     A  Right      B  Wrong     C  Not mentioned
 
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每 题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Nice Name But She's So Deadly

 
1 More than a million people in the United States were told to leave their homes over the weekend as Hurricane (飓风) Dennis headed to the Gulf coast, after killing at least 15 people in the Caribbean Sea.
2 If you read the news often enough=, you may notice that all hurricanes are given names. Why is that? Remember, there can be more than one hurricane operating at one time. Without naming them, we could get confused about which storm we're talking about.
3 For hundreds of years, hurricanes in the Caribbean were named after the particular religious day on which they occurred. One Australian meteorologist (气象学家) began giving women's names to tropical storms at the end of the 19th century. In 1953, the US National Weather Service, which is responsible for tracking hurricanes and issuing warnings, began using female names for storms. By i979, both women and men's names were being used. One name for each letter of the alphabet (字母表) is selected, except for Q, U and Z.
4 So who decides which names are used' each year? The World Meteorological Organization uses six lists in rotation, so each list is reused every six years.
5 Here's a list of the 2005 Atlantic hurricanes, according to the US National Hurricane Centre: Arlene, Bret, Cindy, Dennis, Emily, Franklin, Gert, Harvey, Irene, Jose, Katrina, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince, Wilma.
 
23 Paragraph 1      
24 Paragraph 2      
25 Paragraph 3      
26 Paragraph 4      
A Reason for naming hurricanes
B Warning of an approaching hurricane
C Deadly women
D History of naming hurricanes
E Organization responsible for naming hurricanes
F Ways to track hurricanes
 
27 Over a million people were warned not      .
28 The responsibility of the US National Weather Service is      .
29 Hurricanes are given names      .
30 At the end o[ the 19th century, women's names started      .
   A to track hurricanes and issue warnings
   B to avoid confusion
   C to stay at home
   D to be given to tropical storms
   E to make predictions
   F to kill at least 15 people
 
第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题定1个最佳选项。
 
第一篇                  A Society Without a Formal Authority
 
     In the seventeenth century, European soldiers who came across some Indian groups in the western Great Lakes found that several native tribes (部落) were living in the area without a formal leadership system. They appeared to be "quite friendly with each other without a formal authority!"
     Not only did the Indians appear to lack a formal system of authority, but they also deeply hated any efforts to control their actions. All members of the tribes knew what was required of them by lifelong (一生的) familiarity with the tasks of the area. These tasks tended to be simple, since the Indians' rate of social change was slow. Thus, although subgroups such as soldiers had recognized leaders, no real authority was required. Rather than giving direct orders (which were considered rough), members of the tribes would arouse others to action by examples.
     It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out such a system in our own society. Most of us have grown up under one authority or another for as long as we can remember. Our parents, our teachers, our bosses, our government all have the recognized right under certain conditions to tell us what to do. The authority is so much a part of our culture that it is hard for us to imagine a workable society without it. We have been used to relying on authority to get things done and would probably be uncomfortable with the Indian methods of examples on a large scale.
     Of course, the major reason why the Indian system would not be suitable for us is that our society is too large. The number of tasks that various members of our society have to perform often under tight time and resource limitations could not be treated by the Indian system, in modern societies, the formal authority system is necessary to achieve any social objectives.
 
31 Which of the following statements about the European soldiers is correct?
     A They had no leaders.
     B They treated the Indian groups well.
     C They came across some Indian groups.
D They found the Indian groups friendly to them.
 
32 Members of the tribes got others to do things
     A with resolution.
     B by examples.
     C by force.
D with effort.
 
33 According to the author, it is hard for a society to work without
     A a recognized authority.
     B enough money.
     C examples.
D changes.
 
34 After reading the passage, you may conclude that
     A the Indian system is also suitable for some small towns.
     B the Indians tended to follow orders.
     C our system is much better than the Indians'.
     D the Indian system would be very difficult to implement in our society
35 It can be inferred from the passage that many tasks in our society have to be carried out
     A under severe weather conditions
     B without any effort.
     C without any delay.
     D with ease.
 
第二篇                        Schooling and Education
 
     It is commonly believed in the United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
     Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no limits. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or in a theatre. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a respected grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain predictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy (婴儿期) on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong (一生的) process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral (基本的) part of one's entire life.
     Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned (指定的) seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are words or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.
 
36 Which of the following is true according to the author?
     A School is the place where people get informal education.
     B Education means schooling.
     C Education can be both formal and informal.
D Going to school is the only way to receive education.
 
37 Education is different from schooling in that
     A the former is predictable while the latter is not.
     B the former is specific while the latter is not.
     C the former is a formalized process while the latter is not.
D the former is more open-ended and all-inclusive than the latter.
 
38 When does education begin?
     A Before one enters school.
     B After one enters school.
     C After one graduates from college.
D After one retires from work.
 
39 The fact that children arrive at school at about the same time shows that
     A schooling imposes a lot of strain on the students.
     B schooling has a clear boundary.
     C schooling follows more or less the same pattern.
D schooling includes different aspects of learning.
 
40 What is the author's attitude toward schooling?
     A Positive.
B Negative.
C Neutral (中立的).
     D Supportive.

第三篇            Too Late to Regret It
 
     When I was a junior, I met a second-year student in my department. He wasn't tall or good-looking, but he was very nice, attractive and athletic. He had something that I admired very much. He was natural, warm, and sincere.
     I disregarded (不顾) my parents' disapproval. We were very happy together. He picked me up from my dorm every morning, and after class we would sit alongside the stream that ran through campus, or sunbathe (晒太阳) on the lawn. At night he would walk me back to my dorm. He came from a poor family, but in order to make me happy, he borrowed money from his friend to buy presents and meals for me. Our fellow students looked up to him as a role model, and the girls envied (妒忌) me. He wasn't a local, but wanted to stay here after graduation. I thought we had a future together.
     However, when I got a part-time job during the summer vacation, people began giving me a lot of pressure, saying that a pretty, intelligent girl like me should find a better guy to spend time with. This was also what my family thought. He spent the summer in his hometown, so I was all by myself. When he got back, I began finding fault with him. But his big heart and warmth soon drove all unpleasant thoughts away. However, I had no idea how badly I had hurt him and that things would get worse.
     I had a good part-time job off campus that paid pretty well. With my good performance at school, I also got admission to graduate school at one of China's best universities. He, on the other hand, did not do so well at school or at work. I had to worry about his living expenses, job and scores.
     Almost all my colleagues and friends advised me to break up with him. Then we had a quarrel last June. He was in great pain, and my cold words and bad moods started turning him away.
Graduation time was drawing near, and hometown. He said that he couldn't put up with at him in despair. He said he wanted to go back to his me anymore. I was shocked and looked.
True love happens only once, but I found it out too late.
 
41 When did the author fall in love with the boy?
     A After she had a quarrel with him.
     B When she was a junior.
     C  When she was a second-year student.
D After she found a part-time job.
 
42 What did he do to make her happy?
     A He studied much harder.
     B He often took her for a ride.
     C He always endured her insults.
D He often bought her presents and meals.
 
43 Who advised her to break up with him?
     A His parents.
     B Her teachers.
     C Her colleagues and friends.
D Their fellow students.
 
44 Why did he leave her?
     A Because he could no longer bear her.
     B Because he hated her.
     C Because his parents needed taking care of.
D Because he wasn't a local."
 
45 Upon learning that he would leave her, she was
     A very happy.
     B extremely joyful.
     C quite relieved.
     D in great pain.
 
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
 

Mind Those Manners on the Subway

 
So, there you are, just sitting there in the subway car, enjoying that book you just bought      (46) Or, the person sitting next to you takes out a nail clipper (指甲刀) and begins cutting his or her nails.
Annoying? Many of us have to spend some time every day on public transportation      (47) So, to make the trip more pleasant, we suggest the following:
Let passengers get off the bus or subway car before you can get on       (48)
Stand away from the doors when they are closing
Don't talk loudly on a bus or subway. Chatting loudly with your friends can be annoying to others.       (49)
Don't think your bags and suitcases (手提箱) deserve a seat of their own.
Use a tissue whenever you cough or sneeze (打喷嚏). An uncovered sneeze can spread germs (细菌), especially in crowded places.
Don't cut your nails or pick your nose on public transportation.
Don't read over other people's shoulder      (50) It can make people uncomfortable. They might think you're too stingy (小气的) even to buy a newspaper. Or they might think you're judging their behavior
 
A Don't eat food in your car.
B Don't shout into your mobile phone on a bus or subway.
C We all know that some behaviors are simply unacceptable.
D Many people do this on subways, but it's really annoying
E Getting off and on in an orderly manner can save time for all.
F Suddenly, you feel someone leaning over your shoulder reading along with you
 
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
 

A Country's Standard of Living

 
     The "standard of living" of any country means the average person's share of the goods and services the country produces. A country's standard of living,      (51), depends on its capacity to produce wealth. "Wealth"     (52) this sense is not money, for we do riot live on money      (53) on things that money can buy: "goods" such as food and clothing, and "services" such as transport and entertainment.
     A country's capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of     (54) have an effect on one another. Wealth depends     (55) a great extent upon a country's natural resources. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have fertile (肥沃的) soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess none of them.
Next to natural resources     (56) the ability to turn them to use. China is perhaps as well-off     (57) the USA in natural resources, but suffered for many years from civil and external wars, and     (58) this and other reasons was     (59) to develop her resources. Sound and stable political conditions, and     (60) from foreign invasions, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well favoured by nature but less well ordered.
     A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed      (61) its own borders, but also upon what is directly produced through international trade.      (62), Britain's wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if she had to depend only on     (63) grown at home. Trade makes it possible for her surplus (过剩的) manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would     (64) be lacking. A country's wealth is, therefore, much     (65) by its manufacturing capacity provided (如果) that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.
 
51 A however     B furthermore C similarly    D therefore
52 A by          B on           C in           D with
53 A or          B but          C either       D besides
54 A these       B that         C what         D which
55 A at          B to           C by           D with
56 A came        B coming       C comes        D come
57 A to          B like         C by           D as
58 A because     B for          C of           D by
59 A uneasy      B incapable    C impossible  D unable
60 A resolution B freedom      C aggression   D destruction
61 A at          B by           C within       D on
62 A In short    B For example C As a result  D On the other hand
63 A which       B what         C that         D those
64 A otherwise  B certainly    C however      D therefore
65 A made        B done         C produced     D influenced
 
 
2006年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷
英语-综合类(C级)
〓参考答案〓
 
1
C
2
B
3
A
4
D
5
B
6
A
7
B
8
C
9
B
10
C
11
D
12
C
13
C
14
A
15
C
16
B
17
A
18
C
19
B
20
A
21
B
22
C
23
B
24
A
25
D
26
E
27
C
28
A
29
B
30
D
31
C
32
B
33
A
34
D
35
C
36
C
37
D
38
A
39
C
40
C
41
B
42
D
43
C
44
A
45
D
46
F
47
C
48
E
49
B
50
D
51
D
52
C
53
B
54
D
55
B
56
C
57
D
58
B
59
D
60
B
61
C
62
B
63
D
64
A
65
D
 
其中:
1-30每题1分;
31-45每题3分;
46-50每题2分;
51-65每题1分。
试卷总分:100分。

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